A sword is a long blade with a hilt. This weapon is designed to be used for thrusting or slashing – or both – the opponent. Various types of the sword had been used since prehistoric times. Some were curved, others were straight. Some had a pointed tip for thrusting; others had a sharpened cutting edge for slashing. Many models of this weapon were equally good for both styles of attack.
Medieval sword was designed after the spatha, which was the long, straight sword that Roman soldiers used during the late period of the Roman army. Its design was very much improved through time. During the migration period and for most of the medieval time, a typical sword still looked very much like spatha. However, it was more advanced and often lavishly decorated with Germanic artwork.
Around the 10th century, sword production became more standardized. Steel was now the material of choice. Unlike the previous period, this material was now properly tempered and hardened.
While the western armies used long, straight swords, others – such as the Ottomans – developed their own types of this weapon. The Ottoman Turks had a sabre called the yatagan, which had a curved blade
In medieval culture, the sword is a weapon with a special meaning. It is a personal weapon that reflects the power and influence of the person who uses it.
What was the shape of a typical medieval sword in western countries? And what was the shape of Ottoman sword (yatagan)?
A typical medieval sword in the west was long and straight. The Ottoman yatagan was a curved sabre.