Timeline of Ancient Rome

We need to understand what timelines are used for and then proceed with the main focus of this write-up which would be to examine the timeline of Ancient Rome.

Essentially, timelines list out events in the order in which they occurred with dates to validate their occurrence. So, let’s start and here they are;

Facts about Ancient Rome Timeline

  • 753 BC – tells us when Ancient Rome was founded. Remember that everything always has a beginning.
  • 509 BC – Oh yes, exactly this year they became a republic. What this ultimately means is that people have a right to vote and elect leaders that will serve them. It also means that individuals decide whom they want to serve and to lead them. It will not be the case of just one particular set of people or family occupying the leadership position.
  • 338 BC – Remember we live in places with neighbors. During this period, the Romans were in a battle with their neighbors, they are called Latin allies. Guess what? The Romans won and after their victory, they changed some of their rules and even went ahead to conquer some Italian Territories. The Romans are people from Rome. Easy to remember right?
  • 264-146 BC – The Punic Wars. This period was characterized by three different wars fought by the Romans. During this period, Rome was in a battle against a city called Carthage in North Africa. The first war was against an island called Sicily. Interestingly, Rome was invaded resulting in a second war during this era but they also emerged victorious. Lastly, the third war ensured that they secured a lasting victory.
  • The second and first centuries BC – We know that a century is made of 100 years. What happened during this period is that, the Eastern Mediterranean was conquered by the Rome. To reveal more, the ancient Greek Kingdom that was founded by those who succeeded Alexander the Great was defeated. Did you know that boys of young age were made to learn Greek because the Greek were considered to be more sophisticated than they were?
  • 67-62 BC- Through the activities of a man called Pompey, two new Roman provinces were established called Syria and Bithynia-Pontus. He dealt with Pirates who were always causing troubles and defeated them in just three months. What a great feat.
  • 31 BC-AD 14 – It is believed that the expansion of the Roman Empire led to the downfall of the Roman Republic. After generals of different countries fought, one man in particular emerged the winner. His name is Augustus and he became Rome’s first Emperor. That means he was the only one in charge of ruling the Romans either they liked it or not. Remember we talked about what the word republic stands for. This no longer came to play when Augustus became the leader.
  • AD 235-284 – A major change happened to the Romans. They suffered a very terrible military and political downturns. They were ruled by different Emperors and the number of months in which they ruled was for eighteen months, that’s a year and six months.
  • AD 312 – The Romans at this point had an Emperor called Constantine who got converted into Christianity and this change had a great effect on both The European and World History. He mentioned that he was given a divine command to conquer with the sign of the cross that was on the shields of his troops. He made this known towards the end of his life on Earth.
  • AD 410 – Alas! a major thing happened during this period and that was the fall of Rome. A group of people called the Goths sacked the city of Rome, then almost sixty-six years later Romulus also known as the little Emperor was deposed. This led to the end of the Roman Empire in the west.


  • What name was given to the group of people who sacked the city of Rome?
    Answers: Goth
  • The first war was against an Island called?
    Answer: Sicily
  • How many months did it take Pompey to defeat the Pirates?
    Answer: Three months
  • Mention the name of Rome’s first Emperor.
    Answer: Augustus.
  • Rome was in a battle against a city in North Africa. What name is the city called?
    Answer: Carthage.