The Roman Republic

The end of the Roman Kingdom paved way for the beginning of the Roman Republic. It must be noted that this transition created quite a great deal of problems.

This internal division between them led to the neighboring people to lay hold on their city.

The neighboring city tried to penetrate them because they had sensed a lack of control within them and wanted to reduce their power.

Their major enemies waged war against them, but they were very strong with a very high spirit and never gave up.

They always found a way to overcome their losses no matter how terrible it is.

They had a major enemy in particular known as Carthage a city in North Africa, against which it waged three wars.

Also, offices that were important were created, then they went ahead to modify the old ones so as to cope with the present situation of the City.

We also know that two social classes were not always at peace with each other. One is called the Patricians and the other one is Plebeians. Their clashes lasted for a total period of 200 years.


  • Different problems arose during the years of the Republic. Some people wanted a King to rule over them, others wanted a Republic. Those that did not want the King that was ruling over them overthrew him, but they did not make a plan on the type of government that would come into power.
  • Actually, Etruscan kings who lived in central Italy were the ones leading Rome but they were overthrown. History lets us know that the first six Etruscan kings were nice and treated the people of Rome very well but the last one was not nice like the others. He was very wicked, then the people plotted against him and overthrew him.
  • The Roman Republic tells us about the city of Rome existing as a republican government. Also, the republican government is one of the examples of democracy in the world. In 451 BC, the city of Rome received their first written code that was inscribed on tablets that were made of Bronze and was kept in the open for everyone to see.
  • It took so many years for the consuls (they were known as Magistrates) who later replaced the leadership of Roman King to be put in place.
  • During the first stage of the Republic, a leader was appointed for just a year, then he would later choose two other leaders. They continued this way till 449 BC.
  • The Era of the Roman Republic was also known as the period where the power of Rome reached the peninsula of Italy. In addition to that, it was also a time where so many battles were fought between the Roman inhabitants.
  • Two brothers simply known as the Graco brothers were not happy with the situation in Rome and made a decision to fight on behalf of the people. During this time, Rome was suffering from so many troubles which in turn led to them fighting one another.
  • Members of the Senate and assemblies worked together in order to appoint executive leaders to create laws for the people to abide with. They also tried to expand their lands through the Italian peninsula.
  • The next thing that happened was that the Republic started having wars with their neighbors thereby greatly reducing threats to its superiority.
  • Did you know that by the first century BC, the Roman Republic then became the only dominant power in the Mediterranean region? The Roman society had different cultures of Latin, Etruscan and Greek elements. One of the enemies of Rome was the people of Gaul. At a time, they sacked the city of Rome in 387 BC.


  • What name is given to the Kings in central Italy that were leading the people of Rome?
    Answer: Etruscan
  • The Roman Republic became the only dominant power in the Mediterranean region in what Century?
    Answer: First century
  • A certain group of people named ———- sacked the city of Rome in what year ——–
    Answers- a. Gaul
    b. 387 BC
  • In the first stage of the Republic, how many years was a leader appointed for?
    Answer: A year.
  • In order to appoint executive leaders, certain group of people worked together to achieve this purpose, what name were they called?
    Answer: Members of the senate and assemblies.