The Roman Colosseum

The Colosseum which is also known as the Flavian Amphitheater is among the chief hallmarks of the city of Rome.

It is one of the most exquisite monuments in the world that provides everyone with nearly two millennia of history.

According to historians, the Colosseum was developed in the first century by the Roman emperors of the Flavian era such as Titus, Domitian, and Vespasian.

Often times, the arena was utilized by Ancient Romans to host public entertainment actions that include but are not only limited to wild animal hunts and gladiator battles but also several public executions during the period of 80 C.E. to 404 C.E.

The creation of the Colosseum started in the reign of Vespasian during 72 C.E. at the location of the Golden House of renowned Roman Emperor, Nero.

Vespasian constructed the Colosseum to not only provide a house of entertainment for Romans but also to restore the former distinction of Rome prior to the disturbance of the civil war.

Vespasian’s eldest son, Titus opened the Colosseum in 80 C.E and hosted a hundred-day gladiator fight which killed more than 2,000 gladiators. Consequently, the other son of Vespasian, Domitian completed the Colosseum that was situated between a wide valley which connects with the Caelian, Esquiline, and Palatine Hills.

How Big is the Colosseum?

The Colosseum was measured at 620 feet long, 158 feet tall and 512 feet wide.

Numerous estimates suggest that it took at least one million tons of stone, bricks, and concrete to complete the Flavian Amphitheater.

In connection with its seating capacity, the seating arrangement in the Colosseum is mainly determined by the people’s power in the nation.

Normally, senators have one of the best seats in the house with equestrians and other high-ranking government officials sitting behind them.

Ordinary men and soldiers were seated a higher up while women and slaves sat at the top of the stadium.

Located outside of the Colosseum is a place known as the Colossus of Nero, which is a massive 30-feet bronze sculpture of Emperor Nero.

Several historians believe that the name “Colosseum” was derived from the word “Colossus”.

Facts about the Roman Colosseum

  • The Colosseum is geared with 76 entrances and exits to make sure that spectators can easily leave the arena should fire or any emergencies occur. The West exit is dubbed as the Gate of Death as dead gladiators were transported in that specific location.
  • The events that took place in the Colosseum were solemnly vicious. Several studies show that at least 10,000 animals were killed every single day during the games.
  • The Colosseum also showcases a Velarium which protects everyone from the unforgiving heat of Ancient Rome. A Velarium is described as an awning that can easily be grabbed over to provide shade.
  • Over time, two-thirds of the Colosseum has been destroyed by fires, earthquakes, and vandalism.
  • The Colosseum is among the places in Rome that are closely connected with the church. As a matter of fact, the Pope performs a Way of the Cross procession during Good Fridays.
  • Several types of people such as former gladiators, gravediggers, and actors were prohibited to enter the Colosseum.
  • The Colosseum is made up of four stories, a roofed-awning canvas, and an oval arena that measures 87.5 meters in length and 54.8 meters in width.
  • It was built by at least 10,000 slaves who used concrete and stone.


How many is the seating capacity of the Colosseum?

The Colosseum has a 45,000 seating capacity and a 5000 standing capacity.

What is located below the Colosseum?

Below the Colosseum are a number of underground tunnels and rooms. It is also believed that the Colosseum was made up of 36 trap doors, which all provide special effects during performances.

How long did the Colosseum host gladiator fights?

Gladiator fights continued for more than 500 years. Its last recorded games took place in the 6th century.

How does the Colosseum look today?

The Colosseum is among the top tourist attractions in the world, garnering more than six million visitors per year.