Roman art is a mixture of paintings, sculptures, mosaics, and buildings. Many people think that the Roman’s copied the Greeks.
In fact, the Romans created a style of art that used Greek, Etruscan and Egyptian to make new art – Roman art. The Romans also liked to make lots of pottery from terracotta and coins from gold, silver, and bronze.
Like Roman’s liked to make statues of people or gods. Examples of Roman sculptures can be seen on the Septimius and Constantine arches.
The Columns of Trajan and Marcus Aurelius also show detailed Roman sculptures. The Romans did like large or free-standing sculptures. Free-standing sculptures are of people or gods.
The Romans felt that the Greeks made better free-standing sculptures and did not try to compete.
Another type of sculpture was called a bust. A bust is a model of someone’s head. A bust could be made from marble, bronze or even clay.
The Romans are best known for their mosaics. Roman mosaics were very beautiful and showed how rich a house was.
If the owner of the house was very rich, then they had mosaics on lots of floors and walls. Roman mosaics changed over time. Early mosaics were made with marble or pebbles and shells.
The later mosaics were made with very tiny tiles and took a long time to make. Some mosaics were made to show a beautiful pattern; others had a picture on them.
Many Roman building or ruins of Roman buildings can still be seen today. Most of them were made over 1000 years ago!
The Romans were the first people to make concrete. Ancient concrete was made with burnt limestone and volcanic ash to their mortar. The volcanic ash helped the concrete to get hard and last a long time.
Many Roman buildings also had a marble veneer or extra walls to go around the concrete. The marble walls helped the building to look nicer.
The marble veneer was removed before or during the middle ages and reused.
Roman paintings could be of people, landscapes or events, such as a party or a wedding. Lots of Roman paintings show what a normal day was like for the people.
Roman paintings were often made by mixing dry bits of plaster with water. This made them look darker or less colorful to the Greek paintings.
In later years, Roman paintings also had pictures of special gods in them as well. Most paintings were of the fights and battles that the Roman Army fought.