Located in north-eastern Africa, the Nile River is considered as the longest river in the world with an approximate length of 6,670 kilometers or 4,160 miles.
It played a critical part in the history of Egypt as it gave rise to one of the world’s most remarkable civilizations which are Ancient Egypt.
The Nile River creates a fertile green valley throughout the desert which was essential in helping Ancient Egyptians produced foods for themselves and animals.
Most experts believed that Ancient Egypt could have not existed if not for the Nile River since rainfall is mostly non-existent in Egypt.
In addition, the Nile River also helped Ancient Egyptians in the trade industry as it provided them with the fastest and easiest way to move from one place to another.
Moreover, it was also instrumental in helping them create boats and paper from the Reeds which grew alongside the Nile.
To this day, most Egyptians still live near the Nile as it provides them easy access to not only water and food but also transportation and exceptional soil for growing crops.
Additionally, the river is likewise associated with a number of gods and goddesses, all of whom the Ancient Egyptians believed were severely responsible for blessings and misfortunes of the culture, land, and weather as well as the abundance of people.
The Ancient Egyptians believed that the gods and goddesses were familiarly associated with people and could assist them in all aspects of life.
According to the Ancient History Encyclopedia, the Nile River is considered as the symbol of the god known as Hapi who graced the land with abundance.
Other myths suggest that Isis, who is recognized as the “Giver of Life” and the goddess of Nile, was regarded to have helped people in farming and working the land.
While it is primarily associated with Egypt, only 22 percent of the Nile passes through the course of Egypt.
Other than Egypt, the river also runs through the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Congo, Uganda, and Sudan.
It is made up of two major tributaries such as the White Nile which is recognized as the longest and the prime headwaters of the river while the Blue Nile is composed mainly of silt and carries about two-thirds of the river.
The Nile River basin is surrounded by the Mediterranean on the North, the Red Sea Hills on the East, and the Ethiopian Plateau on the South and Lake Victoria on the West.
The Egyptian calendar is divided into three phenomena specifically the Akhet or flood season, the Peret, and the Shemu.
Heavy summer rains and melting snow are among the primary causes of floods in the Nile River.
During the 1970s, the Egyptian government constructed the Aswan High Dam to control the flooding in the area.