The Rosetta stone is an ancient Egyptian stone that displays writings in multiple languages and scripts specifically Egyptian and Greek.
Found in the town of Rashid, the Rosetta stone was discovered by Frenchmen Pierre-Francois Bouchard in August 1799.
He surrendered the stone to Egypt in 1801 before it was subsequently transferred to in London, England.
At present, it is one of the most precious objects in the British Museum as it holds the answers to understanding Egyptian hieroglyphs, which are a script composed of small images.
Prior to the discovery of the Rosetta stone, the knowledge to read Egyptian scripts was lost after Hieroglyphic writing died out in Egypt during the fourth century C.E.
The inscriptions in the Rosetta stone were created by the high priests of Memphis which epitomize the contributions of Ptolemy V Epiphanes during his reign as the Pharaoh of Egypt.
In addition, the scripts were reportedly written during the ninth year of his reign in honor of his acceptance of the throne.
English physicist Thomas Young played a huge part in deciphering the texts that were written in the Rosetta stone.
Young was the first to reveal that some of the scripts of the Rosetta stone displayed the texts of a royal name called Ptolemy.
The hieroglyphic scriptures on the stone were made up of six similar cartouches.
Consequently, French translator Jean-Francois Champollion pursued Young’s work wherein he published papers regarding the decipherment of the hieroglyphic writings from the Rosetta stone.
Champollion also found out that some of the writings in the Rosetta stone were not only syllabic and determinative but are also alphabetic.
Moreover, he added that the texts in the Rosetta stone were written in Greek and Egyptian languages.
When was the Rosetta stone made?
Archaeologists estimate that the Rosetta stone was created during 196 B.C.
Why is it called the Rosetta stone?
It is called the Rosetta stone after it was found in a small village in the Delta named Rashid or Rosetta.
How huge is the Rosetta stone?
It is an uneven shape stone of black granite that measures about 114 cm in length and 72 cm and width.
The top component of the stone was broken off an angle to harmonize with a series of pink granite whose crystalline structure sparkles a little in the light.
What is written in the Rosetta stone?
The scriptures in the Rosetta stone begin by classifying the deeds and accomplishment of kings and pharaohs of Ancient Egypt.
It also displayed details regarding tax reduction grants, peace restoration, and gift-giving in the different temples.