The Predynastic Period of Ancient Egypt lasted from around 5500 to 3100 BCE – during the Late Neolithic (Stone Age).
During that time, Egyptians invented their first written language and shaped their first religious beliefs.
They settled on the banks of the Nile River and started producing food using the newly invented plough to cultivate the land.
In the beginning, Egypt was not a unified state. There were two very different cultures in two parts of the land, called Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt.
However, Upper and Lower Egypt were not just two settlements. Archaeological findings tell us there were several settlement sites, and most of them were located in Upper Egypt.
The Lower Egypt, on the contrary, was full of cemeteries.
Historians divide the Predynastic Period into four phases:
In the Early Predynastic phase, tombs were simple constructions made of mud brick.
The cultures of Upper and Lower Egypt were not exactly like the traditional culture we have on mind when we talk about Ancient Egypt.
Still, several common symbols that continued through to the end of the Ancient Egyptian Civilization appeared in the early art of the Predynastic period:
The Predynastic Period ended when, around 3100 BC, the first Egyptian King, Narmer, unified the land of Egypt.
What were the names of the two parts of Egypt in the Predynastic Period that produced distinct cultures?
Those were Upper and Lower Egypt.
Which significant inventions were dated in the Predynastic period?
Plough in agriculture and the first written script
Were the Egyptians building pyramids in the Predynastic period?
No, their tombs were made of mud bricks.
Which event meant the end of the Predynastic period?
It was the emergence of unified Egypt.