Egyptian Pyramids

The Pyramids of Egypt are among the world’s most captivating man-made architectures.

Although pyramids were constructed at the start of the Old Kingdom to the Ptolemaic era in the fourth century, the peak of pyramid construction started during the late stages of the third dynasty and continued until 2325 B.C.

Joining the Gods

In addition, pyramids were contrived to help the king’s soul go straight to heaven wherein they can join the Gods, specifically Ra who is the God of the Sun.

According to Ancient Egyptians, the moment a king dies a component of his spirit known as the “ka” remains with his body.

In order to assure good care of the spirit, the king’s corpse is mummified before his family and troops attach offerings such as gold vessels, furniture, and food.

Amount of Pyramids

Pharaohs and other noble Egyptians were buried in the pyramids until 1650 B.C. before moving to the Valley of the Kings.

A total of more than 100 pyramids have been uncovered in Egypt but nothing is larger than the Pyramids of Giza, which originally stood over 481 feet high.

The base of the pyramid is covered over 13 acres while its sides were measured at 51 degrees and were more than 755 feet long.

Quality of Workmanship

Apart from the Pyramids of Giza, other Pyramids that were built in Ancient Egypt are the Pyramid of Cheops, Khufu’s Pyramid, and the Bent Pyramids.

While pyramid building continued throughout the fifth and sixth dynasties, the overall quality of their construction started to decline over the next period of time.

While there have been successful attempts to build a pyramid during the Middle Kingdom phase, the pyramids created on the 12th dynasty never reached the same standards as the previous ones.

Egyptian Pyramids Facts for Kids

  • The Egyptians Pyramids were put together by talented workers who are on a wage. Often times, farmers were assigned to assist in the construction of pyramids during the time of floods.
  • The Ancient Egyptians constructed the pyramids as a place to bury their queens and pharaohs. The pharaohs along with other notable Egyptians were buried in pyramids of many distinctive shapes and sizes from the start of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom.
  • The Egyptians also made use of astronomy to guide them in building the pyramids. According to Kate Spence of Cambridge University, ancient Egyptians used the Big Dipper and the Little Dipper to harmonize the pyramids in north or south direction.
  • Most pyramids are built in the West of the Nile as ancient Egyptians believed that it would quicken the soul’s journey to the afterlife.
  • The entrance of the Great Pyramid is made up of a passageway that is one meter wide and 1.2 meters high. It showcases a 26-degree angle that ultimately goes straight to the subterranean chamber.
  • The Grand Gallery which is a tunnel leading to the King’s chamber is 8.5 meters high and 45 meters long. The inside of the chamber is primarily made up of polished pink granite.
  • Most of the stones that were utilized during the building of the Pyramids of Giza were quarried on the Giza plateau.
  • The Great Pyramids of Giza is the only surviving structure of the seven wonders of the Ancient World.

What did you learn?

What is the first Egyptian Pyramid?
The first Egyptian Pyramid was the Step Pyramid at Saqqara.

The step pyramid which was developed by Imhotep for King Djoser was originally planned to be a massive square tomb that is built over an underground burial chamber but additional extensions made it a six-layered pyramid that is 62 meters in height.

Who was the last great Pyramid builder?
Among the last pyramid builder was Pepy II who ruled the nation from 2278 B.C. to 2184 B.C.

The pyramid built by Pepy II in Saqqara was completed about three decades into his reign.
Following his death, the kingdom and the central government nosedived as Egypt entered the turbulent era known as the First Intermediate Period.

Who created the Bent Pyramid?
The Bent Pyramid was constructed during the time of King Snefru who is the founder of the fourth dynasty.

What are Pyramid Texts?
Pyramid texts are inscriptions that were carved by Ancient Egyptians during the fifth and sixth dynasties.
It is believed that these texts were a pertinent source of information about the Egyptian religion.