Cities of Ancient Egypt

The cities of Ancient Egypt prospered along the Nile River thanks to its fertile farmland and banks that provided people with a place to grow their crops and produce foods.

While it never developed any major cities, the regions that did emerge in Ancient Egypt were the result of the need to implement effective administration.

Ordinarily, a typical city in Ancient Egypt is made up of small and narrow streets as well as a wall with two separate entrances and a temple that is a place for people to worship gods and goddesses.

Unfortunately, the knowledge pertaining to the cities of Ancient Egypt are limited because some settlements and regions are situated in floodplain areas such as the Nile Valley.

Capital Cities

The biggest and most important places in Ancient Egypt are the capital cities. Among its capital cities include Alexandria, Memphis, Tanis, Akhetaten, Avaris, Thebes, and Sais.

  • One of the most highly-recognized cities in Ancient Egypt is Thebes, which became the nation’s capital during the Middle and New Kingdom ruling dynasties.
    Thebes gave birth to the Triad of Thebes which was made up of Mut and her son Khonsu as well as Amun.
    Over at the Western Bank of the Nile River is a desert necropolis dubbed as the Valley of Kings and Queens.
  • It became the capital of Egypt during the reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten who came up with his own religion that worshipped the God known as Aten.
    It was, however, subsequently abandoned following the death of Akhenaten.
  • Historians believe that Memphis was the largest city in the world during its peak.
    It became the capital of Ancient Egypt starting from 2950 B.C. to 2180 B.C.
    Its rise to importance came from its being the meeting point between the Nile Delta and the Nile River.
    Moreover, it was built by Kings of the First Dynasty and was among the primary religious centers in the nation.
  • After Memphis faded to ruins, Alexandria rose to prominence during the Greek-Roman era wherein it served as a capital city of Ancient Egypt from 332 B.C. to 641 A.D.
    It became the capital of the nation after Alexander the Great conquered Egypt and one of its troops developed the Ptolemy dynasty.
  • It was most famous for the Lighthouse of Alexandria which was considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Facts about Ancient Egypt Cities

      • Inhabitants within the Nile Valley were mostly foragers who specialized in hunting, fishing, fowling, and collecting wild plants.
      • Alexandria which is located within Northern Egypt on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea is the second largest city in Egypt today.
      • Memphis evolved as the first capital of Modern Egypt wherein it featured Giza and Saggara as its necropolises.
      • Faiyum was formerly known as Crocodilopolis or “Crocodile City” which was the home Sobek, the crocodile God.
      • Pyramids that are found in Giza include the Pyramid of Menkaure and Khafre as well as the Great Pyramid of Khufu, which is one of the seven Ancient Wonders of the World.
      • The Triad of Memphis was composed of Ptah and his wife Sekhmet along with their son Nefertem.
      • The City of Kom Ombo was erstwhile known as the City of Nubt which meant “city of gold”.
      • Thebes was a religious city that housed major temples such as the Temple of Karnak and the Temple of Luxor.

Question and Answers

What Ancient Egyptian city is famous for the Great Sphinx?
Giza is widely known for the Great Sphinx and the pyramids that were constructed in the place.

What is the most important religious center in Egypt?
Heliopolis was the most important religious center during the pre-dynastic times in Ancient Egypt.

What is the first capital city of Egypt?
The first capital city of Ancient Egypt was Thinnis.

What is the city is the home of Khnum?
Khnum who is the Egyptian God of Water lived in the city of Elephantine. This city was a trade center and defensive fort of Ancient Egypt.

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