Unlike most ancient cultures, China was effectively secluded from many other civilizations. In fact, the nation was primarily isolated from much of the rest of the globe by deserts, impassable mountains, and the Pacific Ocean.
Put simply, Ancient China was protected from invasion and was able to improve separately from other civilizations of the world.
The Yangtze River and the Yellow River are among the most essential geographical figures of Ancient China.
Both rivers passed through Central China with the Yellow River running on the North and the Yangtze River passing on the South.
The rivers also served as a source of fertile soil, fresh water, transportation, and food. By the same token, it also became subjects of folklore, poetry, literature, and art.
Often recognized as the “cradle of Chinese civilization”, the Yellow River is the sixth longest river in the world with a distance of approximately 3,395 miles long.
Most scholars believe that it was at the banks of the Yellow River where the first Chinese civilization was developed.
On the other hand, the Yangtze River is the third longest river with a distance of 3,988 miles in length. Chinese farmers living in the area capitalize on the rainy weather and a warm climate to grow rice.
In addition to its favorable climate, the Yangtze River also served as the border between north and south China.
Meanwhile, Ancient China was also surrounded by the Himalaya Mountains in the south and southeast parts.
Considered as the largest mountains in the world, the Himalaya Mountains provided an impenetrable boundary for Ancient China, thus, protecting them from being conquered by other Empires.
The Himalaya Mountains were also a sacred area for Chinese religion.Apart from its large rivers and impregnable mountains, deserts also encircled Ancient China.
Known as two of the world’s largest deserts, the Taklamakan Desert and the Gobi Desert provided boundaries that kept the Chinese secluded from the rest of the world.
The Yellow River also provided a great home for early Chinese farmers thanks to its yellow colored soil.
The yellow colored soil of the area was recognized for its ability to efficiently grow a grain known as the millet.
Sheep and cattle were among the primary animals that were raised by farmers in this area.
The Yellow River is also called the Huang He River.
The Gobi desert is also known as the coldest desert of the world.
The Taklamakan Desert is also known as the Sea of Death because of poisonous snakes and extremely hot temperature.