Often times referred to as the mother river of China, the Yellow River is considered as one of the longest rivers in the world.
It flows in the Bayankala Mountains of the Qinghai Province of Western China. In addition, the Yellow River is also called as the cradle of the Chinese civilization as its basin served as the birthplace of the Northern Chinese cultures.
For more than 2000 years, its basin became the center of Chinese culture, politics, and economy.
It was named as the Yellow River because of the massive volume of yellow loess sediment that it transports when passing across the Loess Plateau.
By the same token, the Yellow River also has the most excessive siltation among the world’s major rivers.
It also represented as the emblem of the Chinese spirit. More often than not, the sedimentation and its course alterations are sometimes referred to the bearing burdens and adaptation of the Chinese while its continuous flow is sometimes described to be perseverance of every individual.
Other than that, the river also inspired great artists and poets to be the best in their respective fields.
In fact, a lot of songs and poems have been written in dedication to the Yellow River.
Popular writings that were inspired by the Yellow River included “Ode to the Yellow River” and “Defend the Yellow River”.
In modern times, the Yellow River has served as an essential water resource for most of Northern China.
At around 1960s, more than 10 dams have been developed on the river to support the infrastructure development of Northern China. Furthermore, the Yellow River also assumed an irreplaceable role in agriculture and economic development.
Estimates show that the Yellow River is approximately 3,398 miles in length. It stretches 1,180 miles from west to east and 684 miles from north to south.
Moreover, its basin area is also measured at 290,520 mi2 and contains about 77,000 mi2 of arable land and at least 100 million residents.
The average flow rate of the Yellow River is 1,800 cubic meters per second with its biggest tributary being the Wei River.
The Yellow River had a multitude of nicknames. Among those include China’s Sorrow, Mother River of China, Cradle of Chinese Civilization, and Scourge of Han People.
The longest dry period in the Yellow River lasted for more than eight months in 1997.