Chinese Philosophy primarily refers to the literary tradition of the Chinese civilization starting from the early recorded history to the present day.
Among the philosophical thought that was taught in the Chinese tradition include Mohism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Legalism, and Taoism.
Normally, the general philosophical topics of the Chinese were steadily influenced by the thoughts and ideas of popular figures such as Mozi, Mencius, Confucius, and Laozi.
Historians believed that the beginning of Ancient Chinese Philosophy stemmed from the early Shang Dynasty.
It is, however, important to note that Chinese Philosophy did not become entirely popular until 500 B.C.E. when the four most influential schools were established.
Among the most popular philosophical schools of Ancient China was Confucianism which developed the teachings of philosopher Confucius.
It was later adopted by the Han dynasty and made it as its official doctrine. Together with Taoism, Confucianism became the primary forces of Chinese forces until the 20th century.
In addition, the Confucianism also introduced the Golden Rule, the concept meritocracy, and the popular idea of Yin and Yang.
Common Confucianism concepts include ren or humaneness, li or ritual, zhengming or heaven, li or ritual, and xiao or filial piety.
Consequently, Neo-Confucianism was introduced in the Song dynasty and later became popular during the Ming dynasty.
The Golden Rule was introduced by Confucianism.
The four schools that help brought Chinese Philosophy to its peak were Legalism, Confucianism, Taoism, and Mohism.
The Analects of Confucius is a collection of political, social, quasi-religious, and moral thoughts. It subsequently spread through the rest of China as well as Japan and Korea.
Legalism is a pragmatic political philosophy that became immensely popular due to its motto of delivering harsh punishments and set clear strict laws.
The legalism philosophy states that the King should govern a nation based on law or principle, statecraft and power.
It became popular in Ancient China by 221 B.C.E. at the expense of Mohist and Confucianist schools.
Nonetheless, it essentially started to decline during the 3rd century B.C.E. under the ruling of Li Si.