Ancient China was considered the longest lasting civilizations in the world. The beginnings of Ancient China can be established more than 5,000 years ago.
It is widely accepted that the first Chinese civilization began in the Yellow River region of Northern China at around the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C.E.
In old times, the Yellow River region provided the farmers with a loess soil that helped them grow millet. Millet is a highly nutritious food that became the main crop of Northern China.
Other than the Yellow River, several scholars also believed that the Yangtze valley also served as a home for the Ancient Chinese civilization.
Similar to the Yellow River, the Yangtze River also enabled Ancient Chinese to grow rice due to its wet yet warm climate.
It is believed that rice was first grown in the area at around 5,000 B.C.E. before it severely expanded to Southeast Asia and Southern China.
Apart from the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers, Ancient Chinese was also rich with iconic geographical features which included coastlands, deserts, and mountain ranges.
By the same token, China was also ruled by royal families that were called dynasties.
The first Chinese dynasty was the Xia dynasty which began sometime around 2070 to 1060 B.C.E.
It is, however, essential to note that the Xia dynasty was considered by everyone as a myth until the excavations performed during the 1960s and 1970s.
In addition, Ancient Chinese civilization is also the longest lasting commonwealth in history.
Several scholars said that the empire started during the Qin dynasty under the leadership of Emperor Qin.
It is believed that Emperor Qin tried to unite China under one rule in 221 B.C.E. Subsequently, Emperors continued to become the rulers of China for the next two millennia.
Ancient Chinese also developed three main philosophies or religions specifically Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism.
These concepts left a massive impact on the way people lived and are sometimes referred to as the three ways. Moreover, religion, culture, and art were closely linked together during ancient times.
The first Emperor of China was Emperor Qin.
The Qing dynasty started from 1636 and ended in 1912.
The New Year was considered as the largest festival of Ancient China.
The last Emperor of China was Emperor Puyi.