The Kingdom of Ghana was a West African empire situated in the area of the present-day Mali and southeastern Mauritania.
It was originally known as the Kingdom of Wagadou. Wagadou is a name that combines that Sonicke words “waga” and “dou” which mean “herd” and “land” respectively.
The term Kingdom of Ghana originated in Arabia and Europe as a way to recognize the region.
Historians believed that the immediate rise of the Kingdom of Ghana during the eighth century denoted a change of Western Africa from small political groups to becoming nationwide political entities that ruled wide geographic locations.
Major rivers in the region such as the Niger River, the Senegal River, and the Gambia River served as the primary means of trade and transportation for its founders which are known as the Sonicke.
It also became as one of the ideal locations for traders due to a wide number of trade routes. As a matter of fact, the Kingdom of Ghana managed to grow a wide array of crops as well as ivory, salt, and gold.
Primarily, gold was utilized by the Sonicke to trade with other nations for essential resources such as tools, clothing, and livestock. Other than gold, the Kingdom of Ghana also mined iron to build sturdy weapons that made the empire strong.
Consequently, the Sonicke started a monarchial government in Ghana wherein 22 Emperors took the throne before the start of the Muslim era.
What is the first capital city of Ghana?
Koumbi Saleh became the first capital city of Ghana. It is where the King of Ghana and the royal family lived. Several estimates show that at least 20,000 people lived in and around the capital city.
Who was the first Emperor of the Kingdom of Ghana?
Dinga Cisse was the first Emperor of the Kingdom of Ghana.
Why did the Kingdom of Ghana fall?
The Kingdom of Ghana started to decline at around 1050 C.E. after feeling the pressure from the Muslims to convert to Islam.
The Emperors of Ghana refused and were subsequently attacked by civilizations from Northern Africa. Over the next centuries, Ghana degenerated and became a part of the Mali Empire.
What are the three major territories of the Kingdom of Ghana?
The three main territories of the Kingdom of Ghana were Kaniaga, Diara, and Takrur.