For thousands of years, humans have been living in Africa. Even though most of the people lived in nomadic areas for a significant amount of that time, Ancient Africa had many great cities that thrived along the northern coast of the Mediterranean Sea.
These cities grew from trade within the sea and constantly communicated with inhabitants of Asian and European cities.
Among the most famous cities of Ancient Africa was the city of Memphis which became the center of Egyptian civilization.
Situated at the mouth of the Nile delta, Memphis assumed a critical role in the agricultural industry of Ancient Egypt due to its fertile land.
In addition, it also served as a trading port because of its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. At one time, Memphis was recognized as the center for political and economic activities of Egypt.
Thebes, on another hand, went on to become the capital city of Egypt at the start of The Middle Kingdom.
It also became the primary religious center of Egypt as it sheltered sacred sites and temples that were essential in their religious practices. Throughout the Middle and New Kingdoms, Thebes served as the political capital of Egypt.
The city of Alexandria was one of the last great African metropolises on the Mediterranean Sea. For many centuries, Alexandria became the center of the Hellenic empire in Africa.
By the same token, Alexandria also went on to become the focal point of trade in the region.
Its port is built with a great Lighthouse which is used to accommodate the many ships that are coming in and out of the city.
Founded in the 9th century B.C.E., the city of Carthage was among the most dominant forces in The Mediterranean.
It established a trading empire that became the landmark of the entire Carthaginian civilization.
During the Punic Wars, the Carthaginian occupied lands that were owned by the Roman Republic.
It is best remembered today for the heroics of General Hannibal who led the struggle against Rome.
In the third Punic Wars, the Romans defeated Carthage and went on to destroy the city. It is, however, essential to remember that Carthage was later rebuilt and is now considered by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
What was the capital city of the Dahomey Kingdom?
The capital city of the Dahomey Kingdom was Abomey. It is most famous for its palaces, temples, and winding lanes.
Where are the Pyramids of Giza located?
The Pyramids of Giza which is perhaps the most iconic symbol of Ancient Egypt is located in Memphis.
What is the city of Kano known for?
The city of Kano is known for being the center of Islamic studies in the middle ages.
Who was the founder of the city of Alexandria?
The city of Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great.