A Wetland Biome happens when the area is wet enough for there to be plants and animals that have adapted to the wet conditions. There are different types of wetlands such as marshes, fens, bogs and swamps.
When you look at a wetland biome, it is both water and land and that is why it has its name. Some of the land is under the water because of floods or because there is a lot of rain at that time. The water that falls helps to protect and feed the plants that grow in this area. These plants are called aquatic plants.
Some wetlands are found near larger bodies of waters such as rivers or lakes and they can include swamps and marshes and they are very important for the environment.
The wetlands help to keep the area from flooding and it also helps to keep the water filtered.
A fen gets water from runoff or from groundwater and they do not survive through rainfall. Fens usually have water that has a lot of different chemicals because it is water that comes from different sources.
A marsh happens when there are plants that have soft stems and they are used to soil that is full of water. These include prairies.
Bogs have water that is not very good and does not contain very many nutrients. Most of the water in a bog is acidic.
A swamp is formed when there are many different types of plants. Some of the plants in a swamp include Red Maple and Cypress Trees.
Wetlands are found in areas all over the world. There are wetlands in the United States and in other countries.
There are many different plants and animals that live near the wetlands. Many of these animals include frogs, lizards, reptiles, birds, alligators, crocodiles, deer, beavers, raccoons and more.
Most of the plants that are found in the wetland either grow under the water or they float on top of the water. Some of the other plants can be trees and other plants that grow large out of the water.
Three types of plants that are found in the wetland biome include emergent, floating and submerged. Emergent plants are found to grow out of the soil, through the water and are taller than other plants.
Floating plants have small roots and float on top of the water.
Submerged plants are found in the soil but are below the surface of the water.