A jungle is an area covered in dense forest, usually in a tropical climate. With impenetrable vegetation and teeming with wildlife, we find them along the edges of rainforests.
The floor of the jungle is thick with vines, fungus, shrubbery, and thousands of species of insects. Making it difficult to maneuver through the vegetation.
Rainforests are covered with so much vegetation and layers of trees it blocks the amount of sunlight that can reach the ground. We call this “the canopy” most of the activity by animals and insects happen above ground.
However, in a jungle the sunlight reaches the ground, animal and insect activity is at ground level and not in the trees
The sunlight gives the trees and plants so much life that there is so many different trees and plants that it is hard to move around at the bottom of the jungle.
Jungles are found all over the world and many of the jungles are even located right where rainforests are. Some of the jungles are found in:
The reason that these jungles are found in areas such as these is because they need to have warm weather and a lot of rain. Most of the jungles are found close to the equator where the weather is warm.
|Name||Country||Type of Jungle|
|The Amazon Rainforest||Brazil||Secondary jungle|
|Chembra, Wayanad||India||Secondary jungle|
|Sinharaja Forest Reserve||Sri Lanka||Secondary jungle|
|Tropical Africa||The Congo & Ivory Coast||Secondary jungle|
|Jungles||Papua New Guinea||Secondary jungle|
|Christmas Island||Australian||Secondary jungle|
|Ancient Waipoua Forest||New Zealand||Secondary jungle|
|Cloud Forest||Peru||Secondary jungle|
|Monteverde Cloud Forest||Costa Rica||Biodiversity hotspot|
|Borneo jungle||Malaysia||Secondary jungle|
The weather is warm and humid during the day. Daytime temperatures can average around 21-25 degrees C and, on some days, will reach 30 degrees C and higher. The nighttime temperature drops quickly to 10-20 degrees causing the morning to be cold and misty.
Because of the warm weather, plants and bacteria grow quickly. Acidophilic Bacteria, Actinomycetes
and fungus-like Mycorrhizae play a major part in soil life.
Even though the jungle just looks like a bunch of trees and leaves growing all around, the jungle actually has different layers, just like the rainforest.
Since the weather is warm and humid, there are many different plant species and trees that are found in the jungle.
Some of these include:
Other plants in the jungle are called decomposers. Decomposers are plants that help to break down dead animals and plants into nutrients. Some of these include fungus and mushrooms.
There are also over 800 different kinds of figs that grow in the jungle. They grow all year round and they are food for many of the jungle animals.
Trees in the jungle are very important both to the jungle and to people in the world. The trees help to give oxygen to the animals, and they help to keep the air clean.
Trees and plants help to give animals food and shelter and they help to contribute to the nitrogen cycle. Plants help to take in carbon dioxide and help animals to breathe. The plants also use photosynthesis to help turn the carbon dioxide into oxygen.
The Nitrogen Cycle is when nitrogen is in the atmosphere and the nitrogen turns into protein to give the animals protein.
There are millions of animals that live in the jungle. It is thought that more than half of the animals that live on Earth are found in the jungles and rainforests. These animals include:
Here are some of the animals that can be found in the jungle:
|Butterflies||Poison Dart Frogs|
|Jungle Elephant||Tiger Fish|
|Leaf cutter Ant||Water Buffalo|
One exciting thing about the animals of the jungle is how they adapt. The Tapir, for example, once lived on every single continent on the Earth, but now there are only four different species of this animal left. They are now only found in Asia, South America, and Central America. These animals have lived for over 20 million years and have adapted to the world around them.
There are also over 54 billion chickens that have come from the jungle. The chickens that still live in the jungle are wild, and the eggs they lay are about half the size of the chickens we see in our area today.
An interesting fact is that lions do not live in the jungle but are found more in grassy or savannah areas. Even though lions are called “King of the Jungle,” this is not true since lions do not live in the jungle.
In the jungle, there are many species of plant vines that grow from the trees. These vines are rope-like vines that animals can swing on.
These are called lianas. Lianas is a word that comes from the Latin word “ligare” which means “to bind.” These are said “to bind” because they wrap around the trees and bind them together.
The temperature in the jungle is hot during the day and cool at night. On average, day conditions will vary from around 21-25 degrees C with the temperature hitting up to mid 30 degrees some days.
When it rains, the mix of sunlight and water is perfect for the vegetation growth in the jungle.
Tropical rainforests play an essential function in the climate by absorbing carbon dioxide. Extreme weather affects all wildlife, such as climate change, wildfires, rain, and storms.
The jungle ecosystems have the most exceptional biodiversity on Earth plants and animals rely heavily on each other for survival. If plant growth declines, animals become vulnerable.