A geyser is a spring that Intermittently discharges water from the ground accompanied by steam. Geysers need special geological conditions and are a rare phenomenon that only exists in a few places on our planet.
A geyser is sometimes called a hot spring because it is basically a spring of hot water. The word geyser is a word that was formed in Iceland and it is the word “geysa,” and this means “to gush.”
The word geyser is named after the Great Geysir in Haukadalur, Iceland that is a very famous geyser.
Most geysers are usually found in areas that are close to volcanoes because it is the magma under the surface of the Earth that heats the water that is under the ground.
When a geyser is close to a volcano, the magma that goes into the volcano is also working the heat the pool of water that is underground.
The water then finds a way through a crack or some break in the ground and when it reaches a temperature higher than the temperature of boiling, it gets so hot that it turns to steam.
After the water turns into steam, it causes the water to shoot out of the crack or break because of all of the pressure under the ground. The pressure causes the water to blow out of the ground and it is very strong. The steam takes some of the underground water with it as it blows upwards through the hole.
In order for a geyser to blow, it has to have three things to happen.
These things are:
These are three different geological works that have to work together in the perfect combination for the geyser to explode and blow out hot water and steam.
In order for a geyser to form, there has to be water under the ground that comes in contact with magma or flows over rocks that are heated by the magma. Most of the time, this happens in areas that are shallow and close to volcanoes.
Then, the surface of the ground holds the hot water in one place as it gets hotter and hotter. This heating causes the water to build pressure and when the water boils, it starts to rise to the surface of the Earth through rocks or other breaks in the surface.
The water then erupts into the air, making the geyser water shoot a few feet or many, many feet.
After the geyser erupts, the water that is left in the geyser starts to cool back down and when it gets below the boiling point temperature, it will stop erupting.
The water then goes back into the area that holds the water and it will start to heat back up again until the geyser erupts once more. The cycle never ends unless the geyser becomes dormant or extinct.
If a geyser becomes dormant or extinct, it means that it no longer erupts.
A geyser can be small, or it can be very big. Most geysers go from just a few feet to hundreds of feet in the air.
Even though geysers can be small or big, some of them can blow out thousands and thousands of gallons of water when they erupt.
There are two main types of geysers, fountain geysers, and cone geysers.
There are a few different reasons why a geyser will become dormant or extinct. One reason is that sometimes, geysers can get stopped up by the minerals that are deposited from the eruption. These minerals can also come when there is a change in the Earth around the geyser or if there is a natural disaster such as an earthquake.
Another reason why some geysers stop erupting is because of people. If people leave their litter or put garbage in a geyser, it can cause the geyser to no longer erupt.
Certain plants such as power plants or geothermal power plants take away water sometimes from the land around them. When power plants lessen the water around a geyser, it can cause the geyser to not have enough water to erupt and it can destroy the geyser.
There are many geysers that are found all over the world.
Some of them include:
There are geysers that have been seen on the moons of other planets including:
The geysers found on these moons are also called “cryogeysers” but unlike the ones that we see on the surface of the Earth, these geysers are full of gases and they erupt dust and ice particles without any liquid. Some of the gases that come out of these geysers include:
A geyser is special and mysterious because it takes a certain condition in the Earth for a geyser to erupt. The land has to have certain conditions for a geyser to form and to remain active, so this is a very rare occurrence.
There are only around 1,000 different active geysers located in all of the worlds.
Geysers all over the world are used for many different things such as:
A fumarole is almost just like a geyser except it erupts from gases instead of from water and steam. Most of the fumaroles contain a gas called hydrogen sulfide and this causes the rocks around the area to be bright in color.