The Aurora Borealis or The Northern Lights is a natural phenomenon that happens because of electrons that are attracted to the magnetic field of the earth.
You can see the aurora in high latitude regions, for example, the Arctic and Antarctic.
These electrons come from solar winds.
The electrons mix with gases that occur in the earth s atmosphere called the ionosphere and cause it to look like the light is glowing.
When small particles come from the sun, they hit the upper atmosphere of the Earth.
These particles are full of energy and they energize the molecules and the atoms of the gases that are found in the atmosphere. Most of these gases are in the upper part of the atmosphere.
When the atoms and molecules get this energy, they cannot hold on to it and they give it off as other energies.
That is why the lights look like colors.
These colors are called aurora.
The solar cycle causes activity on the Sun’s surface. This solar activity generated by the Sun’s magnetic fields can cause sunspots. These sunspots trigger solar storms.
These storms send particles towards the Earth mainly electrons. They collide with the Earth’s magnetic field which is an elongated sphere around the Earth called the “magnetosphere”
The Earth’s magnetic field prevents most of the solar wind from entering the atmosphere.
The Northern Lights can be seen in the night sky with the naked eye, at any time in the year.
But they are mostly seen between the months of March and April and then during the months of September and October.
In the far north, when the weather is chilly, you can see the Northern Lights more.
If you want to see them, you need clear skies and be away from city lights. City lights can cause light pollution so you need dark skies.
They are more visible at night between 10 P.M. and 2 A.M.
You can get a better view of the spectacular light show from the northern hemisphere. Scandinavia is a popular destination for Northern Light viewing.
One of the best places to go to see the Northern Lights are in Canada in the Yukon Territory.
Other great places to see them include:
The Northern Lights or the Aurora Borealis was named by a scientist, Pierre Gassendi.
He was a 17th Century French philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician.
He decided that he would name the lights “aurora” based on the Roman goddess of the dawn.
He used the word “boreas” because it means North Wind in Greek.
He is credited with naming the aurora borealis or Northern Lights, but we know that this phenomenon had been observed by ancient Greek and ancient Chinese peoples.
There are many stories behind the Northern Lights and how they came to be.
These stories are folktales and legends.
Most of the time the Northern Lights look like flashes of green, red, blue, yellow, pink or purple lights. Some people describe them as dancing through the sky.
These lights shine up to 300 kilometers from the Earth. They can be seen from land and even from space.
They are always different, and the lights will never look the same when you see them. Each light produces its own pattern and colors and they are just like a snowflake because they will never be repeated.
The Northern Lights are different colors because it depends on what kind of gases are mixing with the particles.
Some of these colors and gases include:
Other colors such as pink, violet, yellow, white, and orange sometimes appear, but these colors are not as common as the green, red, purple, and blue colors.
Besides the lights looking beautiful, the lights also make a sound when they appear.
The noise is hard to hear because there is another noise but when the lights shine, they make a clapping like the sound that is static.
The static from the lights can also sound like it is crackling.
In the South Pole, the lights are called the Southern Lights or the Aurora Australis.
These lights are not as bright as the Northern Lights, but they can still be seen.