Vitamins and minerals are an important part of our bodies. Vitamins are substances that are found in plants and animals and our food is made from these substances.
Vitamins are only needed in small amounts in order for the body to function correctly.
Minerals are also a very needed part for the body. Minerals are inorganic and they help the body to grow and they help aid in the repair of body tissues.
Vitamins are important for the body in small amounts because it helps the body function properly and helps to form a strong metabolism.
A small number of vitamins can help the body to fight off sicknesses and diseases.
Vitamins are group into two different groups, water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins.
Water-soluble vitamins are vitamins that can leave the body easily. Water-soluble vitamins include:
The fat-soluble vitamins can add up quickly in the body and a person can get too much of these vitamins. The fat-soluble vitamins include:
Some vitamins work on their own, such as Vitamin C and Vitamin E, and are antioxidants. An antioxidant is a substance that helps to heal parts of the cell that are damaged and can help our bodies to fight off diseases.
Other vitamins, such as biotin, are coenzymes. A coenzyme is a molecule that helps the cell do its job.
Minerals help the body to grow and repair body tissues. There are many important minerals that are used to help to body build tissues. The minerals that help to build body tissues include:
Other minerals are important because they help with growth. Some of these minerals include:
Some vitamins such as iodine or iron are important, but they are needed to be taken in very small doses. A trace element is any mineral that needs to be taken in small amounts. Other trace elements include:
Iron is very important for the body because it is part of the hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein that helps to move oxygen throughout the body.
Sodium and potassium are important because they help to make sure that water and other body fluids are regulated and that your body has enough and not too much.
Calcium and Phosphorus are important minerals because these minerals help to repair your teeth and your bones.