There are 206 bones that make up the human skeleton. These bones give protection to the body systems and the organs and they provide a place for muscles to attach.
The bones help our bodies to move and the bones help to make red blood cells that make our body healthy. The skeleton helps to give people shape and to provide support.
|The Skull||Cranium, Mandible, and Maxilla|
|Shoulder girdle||Clavicle and Scapula|
|Arm||Humerus, Radius, and Ulna|
|Hand||Metacarpals, Phalanges and Carpals|
|Chest||Ribs and Sternum|
|Spine||Cervical area (top 7 vertebrae), Thoracic (next 12), Lumbar (bottom 5 vertebrae), Sacrum (5 fused or stuck together bones) and Coccyx|
|Pelvic girdle||Ilium, Pubis, and Ischium|
|Leg||Femur, Tibia, and Fibula|
|Ankle||Talus and calcaneus|
|Foot||Tarsals, Metatarsals, and Phalanges|
The skull consists of three different bones; the mandible, cranium and maxilla.
The shoulder girls had the clavicle and scapula.
The arm contains the humerus, radius and ulna. The hands have the bones carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges.
The chest contains the sternum and ribs and the spine has the cervical area with 7 top vertebrae, the thoracic, the next 12 vertebrae, the lumbar, the bottom 5 vertebra, sacrum, which is five bones that are fused together and the coccyx, the small bone at the bottom of the spine.
The pelvis contains the Ilium, Pubis and the Ischium.
The leg contains the femur, tibia and fibular. The ankle has the talus and calcaneus. The foot has the tarsals, metatarsals and phalanges.
The skeleton can be divided into the axial and appendicular parts. The axial skeleton has a central core with the skull, the spine and ribs. The appendicular has the arms and legs.
Bones are made up of cartilage that has been ossified. This means that the bones start off as cartilage and when a person gets older, the bone begins to turn hard. Ossification means when bones turn hard. This happens over many years.
People need to have calcium in order to make sure that they have healthy bones and healthy bone growth.