There are thousands of different fungi in the Fungi Kingdom and there are thousands of fungi species that have not even been identified.
Fungi, which was once considered to be part of the plant group, was given its own group because even though it is similar to a plant, it has its own characteristics that make it different.
Even though Fungi look and act like plants, there is a major difference between Fungi and plants and that is that fungi cannot make their own food.
Fungi get their nourishment from other sources such as absorbing nutrients from other plants and animals.
Fungi live everywhere such as in the water, on the land and even in the air. Some fungi are easy to see, and other fungi have to be looked at under a microscope in order to be seen.
Fungi are considered to be heterotrophic which means that they get their food through absorption.
Another considerable difference between a fungus and a plant is that the cell wall of a plant is made up of cellulose and the cell wall of fungus is made up of chitin.
When fungi store food, it is in the form of glycogen, which is a sugar. Since fungi do not have stomach’s the nutrients are absorbed through the cell wall and enzymes help break down the food.
Some fungi are considered spores and many of these types of fungi are yeast such as bakers’ yeast. Another type of fungi is called Club Fungi and this type of fungi are made from spores and many of these are mushrooms.
Zygote forming Fungi are usually found on cheeses and on bread, so when you see molding bread, you are seeing a Zygote Fungi.
Fungi is important for many reasons including recycling, food, and medicine.
Fungi work with bacteria to help recycle dead matter.
Food, such as mushrooms, are made from fungi and this helps to feed people.
Medicines, such as penicillin are from fungi and this helps to stop sickness that people and animals have.
Fungi do many great things, but they also do bad things. Fungi cause food to go bad quicker and when food is in a moist place, the fungus will grow on the food and cause it to not be edible.
Fungus also can cause plants and animals diseases. Some fungi live on plants and animals and they cause them to get sick.
Even though some fungi can live with plants and animals, some fungi cause sickness.